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Bs it \£> now practissct) anioiui tbc 
3-ceuits. 



Jdtbliotbeca Curtosri. 

OF THE 

ni>^stcr\> of 3niqint\; 

AS IT IS NOW PRACTISED 
AMONG THE JESUITS. 



TITUS OATES, D.D. 

1679. 



Edited by 

EDMUND GOLDSMID, F.R.H.S., 

F.S.A. (Scot.) 



J'RIVATEIA PRINTED, EDINBURCH 
1886. 



This edition is limited to 2j£ small-paper copies, 
and Tj" large-paper copies. 



•^ 



TO THE RIGHT HONOURABLE 

ANTHONY, 

EARL OF SHAFTSBURY, 
BARON ASHLY of WIMBOVRNE St GILES, 

AM) 

Lord COOPER of PAWLET, &c. 



MY LORD, 



s 



[INCE it halh pleased GOD once more in 

mercy to remember this poor Nation ; 

for discovering to it those unheard of 

Villanies and imparallelled ^Yickedness 

that were contriving against its Peace 

and Religion ; I thought it my Duty to let my 

Countrey to have a Taste of the Nature of that 

subtil Enemy she hath to deal withal, who envieth 

K her Priviledges and Happiness ; and your Lord- 

Cc ship appearing to stand by the Evidence with all 

J Candor becoming a Person of your Worth and 

Dignity, in order to a full Detection of the Frauds 

n and Designs of these Vermine, I thought it my 

^ Duty to pray your Patronage and Protection of 

W this little Treatise which I now publish. I have 

£ nothing, my Lord, to plead for me, but only the 

Innocency of my Intention, and ([uestion not but 

your Lordship will appear, as you have ever done, 

<• 
z 
o 

i 



430057 



6 THE Kl'ISTl.E DEDICATORY. 

to oppose this growing Interest. And truly (my 
Lord) this Nation hath reason to bless the Most 
High God for your Care for her Peace and 
Establishment in the Profession of that Religion ; 
which doth oblige ail Subjects to all Loyalty to 
their Prince, and to live in Peace and Love one 
with another. This Treatise spake formerly the 
Italian Tongue, but now it is made to speak 
English ; and in it I find such an Account of the 
Nations Adversaries, which to my own knowledge 
they deserve. If it be faulty, it is because it is 
somewhat too short of them. Now (my Lord) I 
humbly conceive your Lordship will pardon that, 
because it was all the Author (who was of the 
Romish Religion) could say at that time when he 
first publisht it. This I hope your Honour will 
accept of thus presented, as I found it, without the 
least Alteration. I shall submit all to your Lord- 
ships Candor ; therefore heartily praying for your 
Lordships Prosperity, I humbly take leave to 
subscribe my Self, 

g Your Lordships most Humble, 
28 Febr. 167— , ^, ,. ^ 

9 and most Obedient Servant, 

TITVS GATES. 



TO THE 

READER. 

Courteous Reader, 

THis insiiing Discourse I have pet'tised, 
and find it to be an Exact Charac- 
ter of an Old Jesuited Jesuit ; the 
Contents of it was their Practice 
whilst I conversed w th them ; and 
therefore I am inclined to tell the World as 7mtch ; 
seeing these times in which we live, reqziire that 
every trne Englishman and Protestant, do under- 
stand them : To this very end, that they may 
detest all such Practices', and protest against them. 
And uhereas they have endeavoti7-ed to deceive the 
Simple-hearted of this Nation, by fair pretences to 
the Propagatio7t of Religion, and by specious 
Shezas of Zeal for the Salvation of Souls, our 
Countreymen may plainly see it is not Vs but Ours 
they seek ; if it be Vs, it is to destroy Vs, and not 
to save Vs ; zvitness their Villairious Practices 
thorowout all Christendom, attd especially in this 
our Countrey ever since the Reformation of the 
Church of God here with us. Reader this is no 
fairted thing, the OxiginoX Awihox was an Italian, 
and no doubt but of the Communion of that 



S TO THE READER. 

Abominable Whore, the Mother of all Harlots; 
and therefore -vje may easily he induced to believe 
the Contents thereof: for certainly had not their 
Practices been notoriously hnozc/n, even to those of 
their own Communion, this Atitkor could not have 
had the Face to have publisht this Treatise in his 
oivn Countrey, where Popish Religion is generally 
practised and professed by every Man. I tell thee 
Reader, when it pleaseth God to give me a little 
Rest from this Weighty Affair I have now in 
hand, I tvill give the People of England stich an 
Account of the Villanies of these Jesuits, as 7uill I 
hope make them and their Votaries to be an Abom- 
ination to every sober and judicious Protestant, and 
eve7i also to those of their own Perswasion. / am 
co7ifident that the Eyes of the Nation ai-e opeji to 
see their base Contrivances and Plottings against 
the King, Kingdom, and Protestant Religion ; 
and by this little Scheme we may see what would 
be done, were they Lords over- tts. And as I 
cojumend this Treatise to thy serious consideration 
(Dear Reader) so I must also recommend to thee a 
Piece lately set forth, intituled. The Heart and its 
right Sovereign, And Rome no Mother Church to 
England ; in which the Nullity oi Rome''s Church 
and Ordination is proved : By that Judicious and 
Reverend Divine Thomas Jones of Oswestry in 
the County of Salop ; and sold by Benja. Shirly 
under St. Dunstans Church zV/ Fleet -street. Both 



TO 'IHE READER. 9 

that and this I recommend to thee, to give the 
Nation some sutisfaction, till God give me oppor- 
tutiity to do my Countrey that Service as to publish 
my "whole Narrative. / shall say no more, but beg 
of God /or a Blessing on all our Hearty Ettdeavours 
after a more full Discovery of this Mystery of 
Iniquity : And so Farewel, 

Thy Brother in Christ, 

TITVS GATES. 




Q 4- Q G.4- ^ G 4- ^ ^4^-^ ^^-^-^ M^-^ 



^^li EIJt^T ttSe01fEEf 



^j' zV w no7i' in practice amongst t/ie 
Jesuits, e^r. 




Ilat the Religious Order of the 
Jesuits was at the first planted in 
the Vineyard of Christ, as a Tree 
which should produce an Antidote 
against the Poyson of Ileresie, and 
such Blossoms of Christian and Religious Works, 
as by the sweet savour of them Sinners might be 
constrained to bid adieu to the corruption of Sin, 
and to prosecute the sweet smell of Repentance ; 
we need no clearer Demonstration than the Laws 
and Orders on the which this Plant was grounded, 
by the first Founder thereof Father Ignatius. 



THE MYSTERY OF INIQUITY. II 

And surely, so long as by those first Fathers that 
gave it Life, it was cherished with the Dew of 
Charity, and cultivated conformable to the Inven- 
tion of the Planter :* It brought forth two 
Branches, the one of Love towards God, the 
other towards their Neighbour. In so much that 
it was a wonder to consider the plenty of Fruits 
which it brought forth in the Excellent Education 
of Children, the Saving of Souls, and the Increase 
of the Catholick Faith. But the Devil, who 
makes use of all good Inventions, but as a Whet- 
stone, grew as Eager and Cunning to destroy this 
Work and Enterprize, as the other to promote it ; 
and took occasion, even from the Greatness it 
self of this Religious Order, and from that admir- 
able Progress which in small time it had made, to 
pervert the first Institution of it, with an Artificial 
Subtility : instead of those two first Branches of 
Charity, now utterly dried up, he hath ingrafted 
two other ; the one of Self-love and the other of 
Profit : from which the Christian Republick 
receives such Damage, that haply a greater cannot 
be imagined, as I am now about to Demonstrate 
in this Discourse. In the which, I protest before 
God, I have no motion either of Interest or 
Passion, but an Innocent Zeal of the publick 
Good, for the which I do assure my self I was 

* This Exordium will make you know that the 
author was a Papist. 



12 AN EXACT UISCOVERY 

born ; and that Princes knowing their Artifice, 
may prevent them by Opportune Remedies. 

Now that we are to know that the Religious 
Orders of these Fathers the Jesuits being enlarged, 
especially by the Education of Children (of which 
there is neither City nor Kingdom but hath need) 
was even from the beginning thereof (by very 
many) much desired, and by divers Princes so 
favoured, that in few years it diffused it self as 
far as other Orders had done in many Hundreds. 
This Greatness, which almost always induceth 
into Mens Minds a change of Custom, raised up 
in the Heirs of Father Ignatius, such a Love 
towards their Society, that esteeming that more 
profitable unto the Church of God, and more 
helpful in the Reformation of the World, than all 
other Orders ; they concluded among themselves 
to endeavour with all Art and Industry to give 
Increase to it; and in that to give Growth to the 
Cause of Christ, the Good of the Church, nay (to 
use their own words) to the only Patrimony of 
Christ. 

And here I had need of the Subtilty of Aristotle 
to Discern, and the Eloquence of Cicero, to 
Express those mervellous Means (A thing which 
for the Novelty of it, to many seemeth incredulous) 
by which these Fathers still gain Increase to their 
Society. But it shall be sufficient for me to point 
out only some few things, leaving a large Room 



OF THE MYSTERY OI' INlyUlIY. I3 

for other Mens Judgments, to raise up a Form of 
what Idea themselves shall think fittest. Yet I 
shall not omit to propound some few Heads, with 
which I intend to serve the Reader for the Ground 
of this Discourse. 

And First : These Fathers, the Jesuits, thought 
it was not sufficient to promote their Society to 
that pitch of Greatness to the which they aspired, 
only by Teaching, Preaching, or Administring the 
most Iloly Sacraments, with other like Religious 
Exercises ; because though from the Beginning (as 
I said) they were kindly imbraced by many 
People, yet in process of time they perceived, that 
either for ill satisfaction, or some other occasion, 
whatever it was ; the Affection of many grew 
cold towards them ; and therefore doubting least 
their Growth should end with their Infancy, they 
invented two other Means to enlarge their Great- 
ness. 

The First, Was to work in the Minds of Princes, 
and consequently of as many others as they could, 
a base opinion of all other Religious Societies ; 
discovering their Imperfections, and after a Cun- 
ning Manner, from other Depressions, 'raising their 
own Greatness ; and by this means they impatro- 
nized themselves of many Monasteries, Abbeys, 
and other main Possessions ; depriving those 
Religious Persons that first enjoyed them, both of 
them, and of all that belonged to them. 



14 AN EXACT DISCOVERY 

The Second Means, Was to thrust themselves 
into Affairs of State, gaining interest with the 
greatest part of Christian Princes ; and that with 
as Subtil and Artificious a Device, as ever yet the 
World brought forth : into which, as it is very- 
hard to penetrate, so it is (almost) impossible, 
sufiiciently to explain it. 

There resides continually in Rome the Father 
General, to whom all the rest render most exact 
Obedience : and there is choice made of some 
other Fathers, who from the Assistance they 
always give him, are called his Assistants, and 
there is one (at least) of every Nation, who from 
that Nation takes his Name. Hence one is stiled 
the Assistant of Franc, a second of Spain, a third 
of Italy, a fourth of England, a fifth of Austria ; 
and so of all other Provinces and Kingdoms ; 
every one of which, hath it assigned to him as his 
particular Office, to inform the Father General of 
all Accidents of State which occur in that Province 
or Kingdom, of which he is Assistant. And this 
Office he performs by the means of his Corres- 
pondents, who reside in the principal Cities of 
that Province or Kingdom ; who with all industry 
first inform themselves of the State, the Quality, 
Nature, Inclination, and Intention of Princes, 
and by every Courrier advertise the Assistants of 
such Accidents as are newly discovered. And 
these again comnumicate all unto the Father 



OI' THE MYSTERY OK IMi^UIlY. I5 

General, who meeting in Council with all his 
Assistants, they make an Anatomy (as it were) of 
the whole World ; conferring the Interest and 
Designs of all Christian Princes. Here they con- 
sult of all fresh Intelligences received from their 
Correspondents, and curiously Examining them, 
and conferring them together, at last they conclude 
to favour the Affairs of one Prince, and to depress 
the Designs of an other, as shall be most requisite 
for their Interest and Profit. And as those who 
are Standers by at some Game, more easily discern 
the Stroke than those that gave it : so these 
Jesuits having in one View the Interest of all 
Princes, know very well how to observe the 
condition of Place and Time, and how to apply 
the true means of advancing the Affairs of that 
Prince, from whom they know they shall draw 
most Water to their own Mills. 

However, this is a thing simply evil, that 
Religious Men should so much intermingle with 
Matters of State, it being their Duty rather to 
attend the Saving of their own and other Mens 
Souls, being for that end only retired from the 
World ; but by this means they are more intangled, 
than the very Secular Persons themselves ; and for 
many most pernicious Consequences, we shall find 
this their Course most Wicked, and worthy of a 
speedy and potent Remedy. 

For First, These Jesuits are Confessors to the 



l6 AN EXACT DISCOVERY 

greatest part of the Nobility thorowout all Roman 
Catholick States. Nay, and the better to attend 
them, they will not admit Poor Men, or Poor 
Women to their Confessions ; but rather aim to 
be Confessors to Princes themselves. So that by 
this Course it is easie for them to penetrate every 
Design, every Resolution, and Inclination, as well 
of Princes, as of Subjects ; of all which they 
suddenly inform the Father General, or his 
Assistants, in Rome. Now any Man that hath 
the least measure of Understanding, may easily 
perceive what a prejudice they bring to Princes by 
this Device, when only their own Interest stirs 
them to that, to which (as to their last end) they 
direct all their Endeavour. 
y. Secondly, Whereas Secrecy is a proper and 

unseparable Accident, which so accompanieth the 
Preservation of a State, that without it, the Ruin 
of a State must needs follow : Therefore all 
Princes are most rigorous against those who 
discover their Secrets, punishing them as the 
Enemies both of them and their Countrey. And 
as on the other side, to understand the Designs of 
other Princes, makes a Man more cautelous, and 
more apt to discern his own State ; and therefore 
they use to spend no small sum of Money, in the 
maintaining of Embassadors and Intelligencers ; 
yet are oftentimes deceived too in their Relations. 
But Sh^ Jesuits (that is) their Father General and 



OF THE MYSTERY OF INIQUITY. 17 

his Assistants, as well by the Confessions and 
Consultations which their Correspondents do 
make, residing in all Chief Cities of the Christian 
World, as by means of their other Adherents, of 
whom we shall discourse hereafter, are most 
sincerely and punctually advertised of all Deter- 
minations, that are concluded in the most secret 
Councils: So that they better know (almost) all 
the Power, Possessions, Expences and Designs of 
Princes, than the Princes themselves ; and that 
without any other Expence than the Carriage of 
Letters; the which notwithstanding in Rome alone 
(as the Masters of the Posts relate to us) ariseth to 
Sixty, Seventy, and Eighty, and oft times to an 
Hundred Crowns of Gold for one Courrier. So 
that they knowing so exactly the Affairs of all 
Princes, do not only diminish their Credit among 
themselves, but wound their reputation both with 
other Princes and with their own Subjects ; de- 
pressing or advancing their State at their pleasure : 
and that so much the easier, because by the same 
way of Confessions and Consultations, they enter 
into the very Secrets of the Peoples Souls ; know- 
ing who stands well affected to the Prince, and 
who rests dissatisfied : so that by these Relations 
which they have of State-Affairs, they may easily 
sow Discord among Princes, occasion a Thousand 
Jealousies, and by their insight into the Subjects 
Affection, raise Commotions and Division; bring- 

B 



1 8 AN EXACT DISCOVERY 

ing into Contempt the very Person of the Prince. 
Whence We must concUide, That the Interest of 
State doth not comport, that any Prince should 
Confess Himself, much less that he should permit 
any of his Confidents, Friends, Secretaries, 
Councillors, or other his Chief Ministers, to con- 
fess themselves to Persons that attend so diligently 
to spy out Matters of State, and to serve them- 
selves of this means, to insinuate into the Favour 
of Princes; since there is this day no want of 
Religious Persons, Men both foriLifeand Learning, 
to be regarded equally with the Jestdis, whom in 
this kind they may employ ; and who attend 
nothing but the Government of Souls, and their 
Monasteries. 

Thirdly, W^hich is a greater Discovery than yet 
we have made, or shall make hereafter, ye are to 
know that there are found amongst them four sorts 
of Jesuits : The First consists of certain Secular 
People, of both Sexes, adjoyned to their Society, 
who live under a certain Obedience, which them- 
selves call A Blind Obedience; squaring all their 
Particular Actions by ihe Jesuits Counsel ; resign- 
ing themselves most readily in all things to be 
commanded by them : and these for the most part 
are Gentlemen or Gentlewomen, the Wealthiest 
Widdows, or the Richest Citizens, or Merchants ; 
from all whom, as from Fructiferous Plants, the 



OK THE MYSTERY OF INIQUITY. 19 

Jesuits gather every year a Copious Harvest of 
Gold and Silver. 

Of this Kind are those Women, who (in Italy) 
call themselves Chettme, who are induced by the 
Jesuits to forsake the World, while in the mean 
time they get their Pearls, Apparel, Ornaments, 
Furniture of Houses ; and finally very great 
Possessions. 

The Second Sort is. Of Men alone ; but those 
as well Priest as Lay-men : yet such as live a 
Secular Life, and such as oft-times by the Media- 
tion of the Jesuits, obtain Pensions, Church- 
Livings, Abbeys, and other Revenues : but these 
make a Vow to receive a Habit of the Society at 
the pleasure of the Father-General ; and therefore 
they are caWcd Jesttits in Voto: and by the labours 
of these Men, \he Jesuits wonderfully avail them- 
selves in the Fabrick of their Monarchy. For 
they maintain in all Kingdoms and Provinces, in 
all Courts of Princes, and Pallaces of Great Men, 
such of these as shall serve them in a Kind, 
which I shall declare unto you in the Seventh 
Point of this Discourse, 

The Third Sort oi Jesuits are those who remain 
in Monasteries ; and these are either Priests, 
Clerks, or Converts ; who because at the first they 
came not from that Profeesion, may at the pleasure 
of the Father General be deprived of it, although 



20 AN EXACT DISCOVERY 

of themselves they have no power to leave it. And 
these being such as have no Office of importance, 
for the most part do simply obey in any thing that 
their Superiors command. 

The Fourth Sort is of Politick Jesuits^ thorow 
whose hands passeth the whole Government of 
Religion ; and these are they, who being tempted 
V by the Devil, with the same Temptation that 

Christ had in the Gospel, Hac omnia tibi dabo; 
Have accepted the Bargain : and therefore labour 
to reduce their Society to an obsolute Monarchy, 
and to place the Head thereof at Rome, where all 
the principal Affairs of the Christian World meet 
together. There resides the Head of these 
Politicians (which is their General) with a great 
number of others of the same Profession ; who 
being first informed by their Spies, of all such 
weighty and important Matters as are to be treated 
in the Court of Rome, having first among them- 
selves agreed of such ends, as for their own 
Interest they desire ; each one takes his Office to 
go every day their Circuit thorow the Courts of 
Cardinals, Embassadors and Prelates; with whom 
(cunningly) they insinuate their Discourse of such 
Affairs as is then in hand, or shortly to be handled ; 
representing it to them after what manner they 
please, and in the same shape ; that by reflection 
from their own ends, themselves do apprehend it ; 
oft-times changing the Aspect of the Business, 



OF THE MYSTERY OF INIQUITY. 21 

and shewing Black for White. And because the 
first interpretations, made especially by Religious 
Men, are wont to make a notable impression in 
Minds of him that hears them ; hence it proceeds 
that many times, most important Affairs treated 
by the Embassadors of Princes, and other grave 
Persons of the Roman Court, have not attained 
that success which Princes expected ; because the 
Jesuits had possessed their Minds with their oblique 
Relations, efl'ecting that those Embassadors, or 
other Agents, should have but small Credit with 
them. 

And the same Artifice that they use with the 
Prelates of Rome; they use also with other 
Princes, either by themselves, or by the means of 
their Pensionary yc-w^zVj out of Rome ; so that we 
may conclude, that the greater part of Affairs 
thorowout the Christian World, doth pass thorow 
the fesiiits Hands ; and those only take effect, 
against which they make no opposition. Most 
stupendious and impenetrable is the Art that in this 
Kind they use ; which though it cannot by me be 
perfectly described, yet may it lively be descryed 
by any Prince, who will but vouchsafe to read this 
little touch that I give of them ; because he will 
presently reflect upon what things have past : and 
as he shall understand the truth of my Discourse, 
calling to mind with what Art things have been 
handled, he will discover more of that, which 



22 AN EXACT DISCOVERY 

will seem strange and marvellous unto him, For 
not being content with this their close Artifice 
by which they thrust themselves into the Affairs 
of the World, with perswasion that it is the only 
means to atchieve that Monarchial Jurisdiction at 
which they aim ; they made Supplication to Pope 
Gregory the Thirteenth, That for the time to come 
he would publickly favour their Project: and 
representing it to him under the publick good of 
the Church, they required that he would com- 
mand all his Legates and Apostolical Nuncio's, 
to take to them, every one for his Companion and 
Confident, some Jesuit, by whose Counsel he 
should be governed in all his Actions. 

Fourthly, By these cunning Carriages, and their 
insight into State-Affairs, the Oca^i Jesuits have 
gotten the Love of many Princes, as well Temporal 
as Spiritual ; which Princes they do perswade, that 
they have said and done many things for their good; 
and thereupon have followed two Weighty Incon- 
veniences : First, That abusing the Friendship and 
Goodness of those Princes, they have not cared to dis- 
please many Private, but otherwise Rich and Noble 
Families ; usurping the Wealth of Widdows, and 
leaving their Families in Extream Misery ; allur- 
ing to their Religion, and to frequent their Schools, 
the most Noble Spirits ; who if haply they shall 
fall out to be unable and unfit for their purpose, 
under some honest pretext, they license from their 



OF THE MYSTERY OE INIQUITY. 23 

Society ; but withal lay hold of their Estates, of 
which their Society will needs be invested Heirs. 
In the mean time absolutely excluding the poor 
from their Schools, directly against the Orders of 
the Fore-named Father Ignatius, and the Inten- 
tion of those their Patrons, who gave them their 
Possessions ; not that they should serve their own 
interest, but the Christian Common-wealth. 

The Second Inconvenience is, That \ht%z Jesuits 
cunningly make the World know the Friendship 
and Inwardness they retain with Princes ; setting 
it forth a little more than indeed it is, to the end 
that they may gain the Love of their Ministers ; 
and so procure, that all Men shall recur to them 
for Favors. Thus they publickly brag, That they 
can make Cardinals, Nuncio's, Lieutenants, 
Governours, and other Officers : Nay some of 
them have plainly affirmed. That their General 
could do more than the Pope himself : And others 
have added, That it is better to be of that Order 
which makes Cardinals than to be a Cardinal. 
And these things they divulge so publickly, that 
there is not any Man who familiarly converseth 
with them, to whom they relate not these or such 
like Things. 

Fifthly, Having laid the Ground-work of this 
their Practice in State, they pretend a power to 
raise or ruin whomsoever they please ; and indeed 
making use of Religion only for a Cloak, whereby 



24 AN EXACT DISCOVERY 

they may gain Credit, they many times attain their 
Ends. But when they propound any Man unto 
the Prince for Preferment, they never make Choice 
of him who is most fit and deserving; but rather 
oppose to such an one, when they know he is not 
partial on their side ; and alwayes advance such 
Persons as make for their Interest, without any 
regard whether he be well-affected to the Prince, 
wliether meritorious or fit to undergo that Office 
to which he is nominated ; whence there oft 
ariseth Disturbance to the Prince, Complaints and 
Tumults among the People. 

Sixthly, As the Master of a Galley, when he 
perceives a good gale fair for his Voyage, but with 
once whistling makes all the Galley Slaves fall to 
their Oars, and stretch them before the Vessel ; 
so when in the Dyets and Assemblies (which these 
Fathers continually make by their General and his 
Assistants in Rome) they conclude it fit for their 
turn, that some one Person should be promoted to 
Dignity ; the Father General signifies so much to 
all those that reside elsewhere ; and all those with 
one consent at an instant joyn all their Forces 
to make him attain that Honour which they 
intend him ; and he should be very ungrateful, 
if afterwards, in all Occurrences, he should 
not serve the Jesuits with the like Zeal that 
they preferred him. And because such a Man, 
nay many such Men (for many Dependants 



OF THE MYSTERY OF INIQUITY. 2$ 

in this Kind the Jesuits have) hold them- 
selves more obliged to the Jesuits than to their 
Prince, of whom they have received their Honour 
and Greatness ; therefore they serve the Jesuits 
with a greater Affection than the Prince himself. 
Thus they delude their Princes, who imagin- 
ing they have got a trusty Servant, have only 
made way for a Spy of the Jesuits; of whom 
they often times serve themselves to the damage 
of that Prince who advanced him. I could with 
manifest Examples confirm this my Discourse, if 
daily Experience and Common Fame were not 
a sufficient Confirmation to it. But not to make 
myself over-tedious, I will pass to some other 
things ; concluding that this happily is the Cause 
why the Jestdts are wont to call their Religion, 
A Graftd Monarchy ; as if they governed all 
Princes and their Ministers at their pleasure. 
And it is not long since, that one of the chief of 
them, being publickly to treat with an illustrious 
Prince, in the name of the Society, he began with 
these words of Arrogancy, and grounded upon a 
conceit of their Monarchy : Our Society hatk 
always maintained good intelligence -luillt your 
Grace, dfc. 

Seventhly, These Fathers take great pains, to 
let the World know, that all those who are any 
way in estimation with their Prince, have been 
their Favourites, and born up by their hands ; so 



26 AN EXACT DISCOVERY 

tliat by this means they are more Patrons of the 
Subjects Affections, than the Prince himself. 
And this is a notable Prejudice unto the Prince ; 
as well because no reason of State doth comport, 
that Religious Persons, so ambitious and politick, 
should be so far Patrons of the will of the 
Ministers, that whensoever they please, they can 
cause Treason and Destruction. As also that by 
this means, that is by the mediation of the 
Ministers, their Adherents, they induce into the 
Princes Service, either for Counsellors or Secre- 
taries, some of those Jesuits in Voto, of whom I 
discoursed before. And these again procure the 
Prince to entertain some Jcsttii for his Counsellor or 
Preacher. And thus all these together, do serve 
as Intelligencers to the Father General ; to whom 
they render an exact account of all that passeth 
in the most secret Councils. Whence it proceeds, 
that many times we see Designs prevented, and 
Secrets of the greatest importance discovered ; yet 
no man can search out the true Author : but oft 
times those are most suspected, who are least at 
Fault. 

Eighthly, As by Nature Subjects are wont to 
follow the Inclinations of their Prince, so all those 
as give Obedience to their Father-General, per- 
ceiving that he chiefly Attends to Matter of 
State, and by that means endeavours to improve 
and inrich their Society, they also apply them- 



OF THE MYSTERY OK INIQUITY. 2? 

selves that way ; and making use of their Kindred 
and Friends, strive by force to penetrate the 
Hearts of Princes, and their most secret Designs ; 
only to give notice of them either to the Assis- 
tance at Riine, or to the Fathe r- General ; by this 
means to procure them their Favour, and attain 
some Dignity; which by any other means they 
could never have obtained. For amongst them, 
none are preferred to any Office of Importance, 
but only those whom they know prone to Advance 
their Society to that height of Greatness to which 
they Aspire ; and consequently, none but such as 
are known to be sufficient in the Managing of 
State-Affairs. 

Ninetkly, As from divers Flowers and Herbs, 
by means of a Limbick, a Man may draw such 
an Oyntment, as it is fit to Heal a Mortal Wound : 
And as from several Blossoms Bees suck Honey, 
so these Jesuits, from the Infallible Relation which 
they have of all Princes Affairs, and of all Accidents 
that do happen in every State, by the Politick 
Power of their own Discourse, they Extract from 
them their own Commodity, which is the only 
Remedy to Cure that their Abominable Wound of 
Covetousness and Ambition ; and they compose a 
certain Art of their own Profit, by which they 
obtain their own Ends, as well from the good of 
some as hurt of others, but more often from the 
latter, than the former. 



28 AN EXACT DISCOVERY 

Thus they usuallj' shackle with their Fetters, 
that Prince, into whose secrets they have Crept : 
propounding to him that they have the only and 
most Excellent means to make him the Master of 
his Desires ; but when by this ineans they have 
drawn their own purposes from him considering 
that the too swelling Greatness of that Prince may 
one day prove prejudicial unto them; as Lawyers 
do their Causes, they prolong as much as they can, 
the success of that Affair ; and afterwards by 
Politick Plottings and various Juglings, they 
utterly Ruin those Designs to which they had 
given a beginning. 

The League of France, Treated and Concluded 
by them, not long after they abandoned, when 
they saw things prosper on the Kings side : And 
England, so often promised by them to the 
Spaniards, yet in such manner performed ; so 
confirms this my Discourse, that there needs no 
farther Proof. 

Tenthly. From what hath been already said, it 
necessarily follows, that the Jesuits have no good 
Intentions towards any Prince what-ever, either 
Temporal or Spiritual ; but only serve them so 
far as they may serve their own turnes. 

Nay, It followeth yet farther, That no Prince, 
much less any under Prelates, can make the like 
use of them ; because they shew themselves at the 
very same time equally Affected to all; niaking 



OF THE MYSTERY OF INIQUITY. 29 

themselves English with English-'^ltn, French 
with French^ Spaniards with Spaniards ; and so 
with all other Nations and Countries, according 
as their Occasions require ; from wliich they do 
intend to Extract their Profit. They have no 
regard to the Prejudice of one, more than of 
another ; and therefore, those Enterprizes, in 
which they have intermeddled, have seldom 
times succeeded well ; because they have no 
purpose to serve, farther than their own Interests 
dictates to them. And in this, the Artifice which 
they use, is most Notorious ; Some of them 
faining themselves to be Partial to the Crown of 
France, others to Spain, others to the Eniperotir ; 
and some to other Princes, of whom they desire 
to be most Favoured : And if any of these Princes 
please to make use o^somQjesuite, whom he holds 
for his Confident Friend, he immediately writes 
to the Father General of the Afi"air, which he 
hath to Treat on ; and expects his Answer, to- 
gether with Order what he shall do ; and con- 
formable to that Commission he rules himself: 
Never regarding, whether that Order be Conform- 
able to the Intention of the Prince, who commits 
the Care of that Affair to him : But if the Society 
be served, he takes little care what Service he 
doth for the Prince. 

Besides this, because the Jestiites understand 
the Interest of all Princes, and are most knowing 



30 AN EXACT DISCOVERY 

in all Things daily Treated upon in Secret Councils; 
those who pretend to hold with France, Propound 
to the King, and his Principal Ministers, certain 
Conditions of State, and Important Considera- 
tions, which are sent to them from their Politick 
Fathers at Rome : And those that pretend to hold 
with the Crown of Spain, do just the same with 
them ; and so with the rest. From which Course 
and Cunning of theirs, there ariseth such a Diffi- 
dence in the Hearts of Christian Princes, that 
none will scarce give Credit to each other j which 
is a main Prejudice to the Publick Peace, and 
Universal Welfare of Christendom. The which 
Diffidence of theirs, is that which makes it so 
difficult a thing, to Conclude a League against a 
Common Enemy, and Precious Peace to be of so 
little Value amongst PHnces, 

Furthermore ; With these Artificious Devices, 
they have so opened the eyes of the World, and 
sharpened Mens Wits in Matters of State ; that 
to this Day, to the notable Prejudice of the Holy 
Church, they attend to nothing else, but Matters 
of Policy ; and poize all their Actions in that False 
Ballance. 

But to the end that these Jestiitical Stratagems 
may yet appear more plainly, I cannot here con- 
ceal the Means, by which they inveigle Princes 
to be of their Party. There are some Years now 
past, since one of these Fathers, called Father 



OF THE MYSTERY OF INIQUITY. 31 

Parsons, the Assistant of England, wrote a Book 
against the Succession of the King of Scotland to 
the Crown of England ; and another Father, 
called Crittonius, with some others of the same 
Order ; in a Book, which they wrote, Defended 
the Title of the King oi Scotland ; opposing the 
Opinion of Father Parsons ; and feigning (under 
a Specious Pretence) to be at Discord amongst 
themselves : Although all this was (indeed) cunn- 
ingly done, and by the Special Command of their 
Father General ; only for this purpose, that who- 
soever should Succeed in the Kingdom oi England, 
they might have an Excellent Argument, to work 
in him a great and good Opinion of their 
Society; and so to Extract their own Ends from 
him. 

A fair Example to shew us, that Princes are the 
Objects of all Jesuitical Actions and Determina- 
tions ; and (by Consequence) to make good their 
own Saying, That their Society is a Grand 
Monarchy. 

Again, that the Truth of this may appear, 
That the Jesuites have no Regard, whether they 
Please or Displease any Prince, where their own 
Interest is most nearly concerned : Although 
Experience of infinite Things past, makes it as 
Clear as the Stm at Noon-day; yet the Particulars, 
which I shall here subjoyn, will render it every 
way most Evident. 



32 A\ EXACT DISCOVERY 

There is no person in the World, whom they 
are more bound to Serve and Obey, than the 
Bishop of Rome ; not only for many other Reasons, 
but especially, because they make a Particular 
Vow to obey him : Yet when Phis Qumftis went 
about to Reform some of these Fathers, reducing 
them unto the Performance of their Duty in the 
Chair, they would not obey him ; esteeming that 
a Notorious Prejudice to their Society. And those 
few, who yielded themselves to the Pope's Pleasure, 
accepting that Profession, were alwayes afterwards 
mocked and jeered ; and called by their Fellows, 
Quintini: Nor could ever any of them get the 
least Preferment amongst them. 

In the same kind they opposed Glorious Saint 
Charles, Arch-Bishop of Millain, who as Legate 
a Latere to his Holiness, endeavoured to reduce 
them to a religious Discipline. 

But what should I speak of these, since they 
obey not the Sacred Cannons themselves ; but 
against their Decrees make Merchandize of Pearls, 
Rubies, and Diamonds, the which they bring from 
the Indies: And there is an Opinion, that the 
greatest part of Precious Stones, which are sold in 
Venice, belong to the Jesuits ; the ground of 
which Opinion hath been received from their own 
Brokers, whom they have employed in the Sale 
of them. 

But that they are no faithful servants to the 



I'HE MYSTERY OF IXIQUIiV. 33 

Bishop of Rome, those Fathers well know ; who 
for default of their Service, were called by process 
to Rome. I need not Name them, nor will I wade 
farther into this matter, as well that I may not be 
compelled to speak of some Prince, whom my 
Discourse may not very well please (my self 
designing to do Service to all, and to Offend none) 
as because I intend not here to make so large an 
Invective against the Jesuits as they deserve ; but 
only to give a short and plain Draught of their 
Courses and Customs. 

For, as many times we behold one Afflicted 
with some grievous Infirmity, sending forth such 
lamentable Cries as reach Heaven it self ; and 
every one perceived that the Man is terribly 
indisposed, but no man is able to discern the 
Original Cause of his Evil ; so the whole World 
Complains of the Jesitits, some for being Perse- 
cuted, others for being Tortured ; and some for 
being Treacherously served by them : but the 
Mischief still remains amongst us, nor is the 
Cause thereof easily Discovered ; which is nothing 
else but an immense desire which they have to 
Increase their own Power; in respect whereof, 
they esteem it nothing to Vilifie or Murther any 
Man or to deceive Princes, and to Oppress the 
Poor ; to Extort from Widows their Estates, 
and Wrong the Fatherless : W'hat shall I say, to 
Ruinate most Noble Kingdoms ; nay, many times 



34 AN EXACT DISCOVERY 

by their Intermedling with all important Affairs 
in matters of State, it causes Jealousies and Despite 
amongst Christian Princes. 

Now as there would follow a great Inconveni- 
ence, if that part which was last formed by 
Nature, as an Instrument to serve therest that 
were more Noble, should attract unto it self, all 
the purest Blood and Vital Spirits, because this I 
say, were the way utterly to dissolve the whole ; 
so it is as inconvenient, that the Religion of the 
Jesuits planted into the Body of the Holy Church, 
as Instruments for the Conversion of Hereticks, 
and the perswading of Sinners to Repentance, 
should bring within their own Power, all the most 
weighty and important Affairs of Princes and 
Prelates, and Extracting from them the very Life 
and Spirit of their Interest, should convert them 
unto their own purposes : Because from hence, 
both private and publick Peace is Disturbed, 
many Depressed, which were worthy to be Exalted ; 
and many Exalted, which deserve to be Depressed ; 
with a Thousand Inconveniences which would 
follow upon it. 

I could produce many Reasons, taken from 
Experience it self, to demonstrate what an 
ingorgeous Ambition the Jesuits have to increase 
their Greatness ; but it shall here suffice, to make 
it known from Father Parsons own words, 
recorded in a Book of his composed in the 



OK THE MYSTERY OK IiMQUliV. 35 

English Tongue, and Intituled, Tlie Rejorniation 
of England ; where having (irst blamed Cardinal 
Pool, and having also observed many Wants and 
Imperfections in the Council of Trent, at length 
he concluded, that when England should return 
to the Roman Catholick Faith, he would reduce 
it to the Form and State of the Primitive Church ; 
making common all Ecclesiastical Goods, and 
assigning the Charge of them unto seven Sagii, or 
Wise men, which should be Jesuits ; and they 
should make Distribution of Goods at their 
pleasure. Nor is it his will, nay, he forbids it, 
under a grievous Penalty, that any Religious per- 
son, of what Order soever, should return into 
England without their License ; Resolving, that 
none should enter there, but those who should be 
Maintained by Almes. 

But as it oft falls out, that Self - Love blinds 
the Wisest Man, that he becomes the greatest 
Fool, it is most Ridiculous which the same Fa- 
ther subjoyns in that place : When England (sayes 
he) shall ottce be reduced to the True Faith, it zuiil 
not be Convenient, that the Pope {at the least for 
Five Years space ) should look to receive any Frtiit 
from the Ecclesiastical Benefices of this Kingdom ; 
but remit all into the Hands of those Seven Wise 
Men, who should Dispense them as they conceived 
best J or the goo i of the Church. 

This being his Designe, that the first Five Years 



36 AN EXACT DISCOVERY 

being past, by some other Invention (of which they 
are very full) they would re-confirm the same 
Priviledge for Five Years more, and so onwards, 
till they had utterly excluded his Holiness from 
England : Now who seeth not here (as in a Table) 
the Covetousness and the Ambition oiiht Jesuits, 
naturally describ'd ; together with the hearty desire 
they have to make themselves Monarchs : And 
who sees not with what Cunning they endeavour 
to promote their own Designs ; procuring it either 
from the Good of some, or 111 of others. What 
should I say more of them : In the time of Gregory 
the Thirteenth, Did they not make it their Request, 
that they might be Invested of all the Parish 
Churches in Home ? That they might there lay a 
Foundation of their Monarchy ? And that which 
they could not get in Rome, Have they not finally 
obtained it in England? Where they not long 
since have chosen an Arch-Priest, one of the 
Jesuits in Voto, who instead of protecting the 
Clergy, like a Ravening Wolf persecutes all such 
Priests as are not depending upon the Jesuits ; 
driving them to termsof Desperation, and depriving 
them (under a great Penalty) of mutual Com- 
munication ; so that by this time, almost all the 
English- Ronian-C\ex^ are Jesuits in Voto ; Nor 
do they accept any into their Colledges, who hath 
not pass'd his Word to become a Jesuit ; so 
that when that Kingdom shall return to the 



OF THE MYSTERY OK INIQUITY. 37 

Antient Faith, En^^land will be like to give 
a beginning to an absolute Jesuitical Monarchy ; 
because all the Ecclesiastical Revenues, all the 
Abbeys, Benefices, Bishopricks, Arch-Priestships, 
and other Dignities, shall be conferred only by the 
Jesuits. 

I here let pass many things, as the pretensions 
which they make concerning other mens Estates, 
how jealous they are of their Welfare, and 
desirous of their Prosperity : as the Favour which 
they endeavour to gain from Princes, by making 
them believe, that their Subjects are most Devout 
to their Religion, and consequently, that they are 
able to make them well-aftected to the person of 
their Prince. Such evident things as these, I 
leave to every one to observe, and with Four brief 
Considerations, I will conclude this present 
Discourse. 

First, That Men of such High Spirits, & such 
reaching Designes, are alwayes Lovers of Novelty; 
ever searching for it, & begetting it ; because 
without some new-raised Motions, it is impossible 
they should attain their Ends : And therefore the 
Jesuits cannot be helpful to any Prince that either 
loves Peace, or the Conservation of his own State; 
since they are more likely to be the Cause of much 
Trouble and Commotion : Nay, happily to Deprive 
him of his whole State, if he Favour not their 
Party ; or be not partially governed by their 
Counsel. 



43(395? 



38 AN EXACT DISCOVERY 

Secondly, If these, who have not Temporal 
Jurisdiction, are able to cause such great and 
prodigious Disturbances in the World, What think 
ye would they do, if one of them should by 
chance be created Pope ? First, he would stuff 
the Consistory with Jesuits, and by that means 
perpetuate the Popedome to them : and then 
directing themselves by their in-sight and interest 
of State, and having the Arm and Power of the 
Pope, they would be enabled to put in Danger, 
the State of many Princes ,* especially of those 
who are Neighbours and Confiners. 

Thirdly, it would be the Design of that Pope, 
(if he could by any means) to Invest their Order 
of some City, or Temporal Jurisdiction ; with the 
which they would afterwards make way for a 
Thousand other Designes, which they could never 
Effect without the Damage of other Princes. 

Fourthly, When the Consistory should be 
entirely Jesuited, the whole Patrimony of Christ 
would be in their Hands ; And as one that has 
the Dropsy, The more he Drinks, the more he 
Thirsts ; so their Ambition growing with their 
Greatness, would occasion a vast Inundation of 
Trouble in the World. Now, because there is 
nothing more subject unto Change than matters 
of State, These Fathers, with all their Power, and 
Crafty Cunning, would endeavour to Alter the 
whole Course of Government ; that they might 



OV THE MYSTERY Ol' INKjUITY. 39 

finally introduce the Form and Project of their 
own Government ; and by that means absolutely 
Immonarchize themselves. They have had it long 
in their Heads, to gain into their Society the Son 
of some Prince, who should absolutely invest the 
Company of his State ; and this they had long 
since Attained, if some others, wisely Spying out 
their Design, had not prevented them : but had 
they once obtained that, they would, without any 
difficulty, have made themselves Patrons of the 
State-Ecclesiastical : And as they are very 
Invective and Subtil, they would afterwards have 
found out a Thousand Wayes how to enlarge it. 
Thus they would have wanted no means that 
might make them Masters of their Projects : And 
if nothing else would have done it, the Jealousies 
which they would have raised in the Minds of 
their Confining Princes, would have done them 
no small service. 

It is therefore most necessary, that for the 
Preservation of Publick Peace, and for the Main- 
tenance of States, for the encrease of True 
Religion, and for the Common Good of the 
whole World, that they be utterly Rooted Out of 
all Christendom ; whose desires are so extreamly 
inordinate, lest haply that follow which was 
Anciently effected by the Davidi, (whose Courses 
the Jesuits seem to Imitate) who were not 
Destroyed till the time of ClaudittsXhe Emperour, 



40 THE MYSTERY OK INIQUITY. 

And when I shall be commanded to Write my 
Opinion, concerning an opportune Remedy how 
to Rectifie These Fal/ters, and to Convince them 
of their Erroneous Opinions ; desiring rather that 
they may be good Pastors of Souls, which are the 
Treasury of Christ, and not of the World, or of 
the Profit of the World, (which is nothing else 
but vile Dung) I am ready to perform it with 
Charity, and with all that Ability which it shall 
please God to bestow upon me. 



finis. 



Printed by E. 6^ G. Golds mid, Edinburgh. 






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